Children play near the Kitmbile Health Post in Ethiopia. ©UNICEF/ETHA2013_00312/Ose
“The most successful anti-poverty movement in history.”
The final Millennium Development Goals Report was released on July 6, revealing both the progress made and gaps remaining to achieve a better world for all.
What impact have the MDGs had?
- The number of people living in extreme poverty (less than US$1.25/day) has dropped from: 1.9 billion in 1990 to 836 million in 2015.
- The number of primary school age children out of school dropped from: 100 million in 2000 to 57 million in 2015.
- The mortality rate for children under the age of 5 has dropped from: 90 per 1000 births in 1990 to 43 per 1000 births in 2015.
- From 2000 to 2013, increased prevention, detection and treatment for Tuberculosis (TB) has saved 37 million lives.
- Since 1990, 2.6 billion people have gained access to improved drinking water.
What challenges remain?
- More than 800 million people are still under-nourished.
- More than 160 million children are stunted – they much smaller than average for their age, an indicator of chronic under-nutrition.
- Each day, 16,000 children under the age of 5 are still dying, mostly from preventable causes.
- 1.5 million people still die from TB each year, with drug-resistance an increasing concern.
The Sustainable Development Goals – finishing what the MDGs started.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aim to end extreme poverty in the next 15 years. They build on the MDGs in areas such as eliminating poverty, improving equitable access to education, ensuring access to safe water and improving health standards. They also call for increased attention to inclusive economic growth, sustainable management of the world’s resources and reinvigorating the global partnership for development.
The SDGs consist of 17 ambitious goals for all countries.
It is now timely to educate Members of Parliament and Senators about the importance of the SDGs, and have them send a message that we want Australia to endorse, adopt and resource these goals.